Abaseen Foundation Pakistan (AF PK) is supported by Abaseen Foundation United Kingdom (AF UK) to work in the fields of health, education, research and humanitarian relief. We have worked together since 2000 doing innovative and challenging one off projects in marginalized communities and at the same time planning, designing and developing core projects in education and health as follows:
- Mian Gul Model (MGM) School for girls in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
- Brig Gulman Model (BGM) School for boys in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA)
- Noor Model School (NMS) School for boys and girls living on one of the brick kiln sites
- Baghbanan Health Centre (BHC) in District Peshawar
- Nahaqi Hospital – AF UK and AF PK managed this hospital in Charsadda for 15 years and when it successfully achieved financial sustainability AF handed this back to the Government
- MGM and BGM schools in Shamshatoo
MGM and BGM schools in Shamshatoo
Profile of the area where these schools are located – Location
FR Peshawar is bordered by District Peshawar in the North, Kohat District on the South, Khyber Agency on the East and Nowshera District on the West.
The boys and girls school are situated in Shamshatoo, District Peshawar on the border of FR Peshawar FATA. The school mainly takes children from FR Peshawar and others from the settled area.
Tribe and Clans
The catchment population is approximately 100,000 and the tribes inhabiting the frontier region of Peshawar are Adamakhel Afridi’s.
The following clans occupy FR Peshawar:
- Hassan Khel
- Ashu Khel
- Bora Jawaki/Passani
- Jana Kor
- HASSAN KHEL
The Hassan Khel live in a valley on the Eastern boundary of Adam Khel area which forms the western limits of the Cherat sanitarium. It is the biggest tribe in FR Peshawar. Hassan Khel are sub divided into four parts and named after their locations: Taroonai, Kooi, Jankor and Musa Darra.
In all there exist some 28 villages, 7 each in Taroonai and Kooi, 9 in Janakor and five in Musa Darra. Taroonai and Kooi are occupied by Mian Khel and Zaka Khel and Janakor and Musa Darra by Barkai and Tatkai sub-sections.
- ASHU KHEL
The Ashu Khel are said to be the descendants of Adam by his second wife Asho. They are sub-divided into four sections. The Asho Khel are quiet and peace loving. In costume, manners and appearance, they are more like Khyber Afridis than Adam Khel of Kohat pass. The majority of them live in groups of two or three viilages at the foot of hills south of the Fort Kandaowals. The Aka Khel sub-section lives in two villages near Kandao known as “Kandar”. A portion of Asho Khel also lives in seven small villages between Wuch Algadda and Jawaki Colony in Bori.
This section is divided between two main branches, namely Pitao Jawakis residing in Kohat Frontier Region and Swere Jawakis living in Peshawar Frontier Region. Pitao Jawakis are divided into two sub-sections, which are further divided under Kimat Khel, Kasim Khel, Ismail Khel, Hibat Khel, Jamu and Paya. The Swere Jawaki live in FR Peshawar and their main villages are Bori and Pastawani and are separated by a mountain range. Incidentally the British Indian forces mounted two expeditions against Bori Jawaki in the second half of 19thCentury. Most of the people have migrated from this village now as the water level is very low. A good number of them have settled close to our schools and some of their children attend our schools.
Janakor are located in the extreme east of the FR Peshawar. Its boundary touching Cherat in the east, in the north district Peshawar and in the south Nowshera. Jankor is a sub section of Hassan Khel and is one of the more powerful tribes of the FR Peshawar. It is divided into two sections, Tatki and Barki with main villages of Mandai, Samma Badaber, Khas Janakor and Musa Darra. In all there exist some 28 villages.
The schools’ objectives
- To provide quality education to the students from marginalized communities of FR Peshawar and adjacent settled areas.
- To create an environment in the area of seeing education as way out of the poverty
- To provide assistance to families who cannot afford education for their children
- To encourage families to send girls students to the school
- To discourage dropouts of children especially girls education
- To encourage students especially girls to enroll in secondary school after primary education
There are currently 373 students in the MGM and BGM schools and majority of them are girls. The girls section is registered with the Department of Education to Secondary level (O level), currently we have classes up to Class 9 (age 15/16) and we are in the process of applying to register the MGM as a Higher Secondary School (A level).
The BGM school is expanding and a new building is under construction. Currently the school has children up to class 6 (age 11/12), these children are currently taught in the spare rooms of MGM school. The BGM school will eventually provide education up to Secondary/Matric (O level).
The climate of FR Peshawar is extreme. It is very hot in summer and very cold in winter. The highest temperatures are experienced during the months of June and July and the coldest months are experienced in December and January.
FR Peshawar is directly controlled by the Deputy Commissioner Peshawar through an Asistant Political Agent from Peshawar with the help of Maliks, (tribal elders) and Khasdaar ( locally recruited force). The area being part of Federally Administered Tribal Area (FATA) enjoys special constitutional status which was introduced in 1896 and remains to date. The area is governed through FCR (Frontier Criminal Regulation) which gives immense powers to the Political Agent who has power to imprison a whole section of a tribe in FR Peshawar for a crime committed by an individual of the tribe. His orders cannot be challenged or appeal against in any court of law. However, a process to give right of appeal in High Court and Supreme court has now been initiated. Moreover, integration of FATA in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is hotly being debated in recent months.
MALIKS, SUFAID RESH AND KHASADARS.
The Malaki system introduced by the British Government introduced in FATA is the same in FR Peshawar as in the rest of FATA. Maliks used to work as a mediator between the administration and the “Qaum” or tribe. A Maliks position is hereditary and devolves to the son. The Lungi system known as Sufaid Reshis is a slightly lower position of Mailk.